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Full text of "The New-England primer improved for the more easy attaining the true reading of English. : to thich as added The Assembly of Divines, and Mr. Cotton's Catechism"

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Thb pious Baxter, who knew well the greater part 
<of the Westminster Assembly of Divines, says, that 
<he Christian world, since the days of the Apostles, 
never had a Synod of more excellent divines. The 
Assembly was convened in 1643 ; and was composed 
of one hundred and twenty-one divines, or presbyters, 
thirty lay assessors, and five commissioners from 
Scotland. It sat more than five years and a half. 

Our Puritan Fathers brought the Shorter Cate- 
chism with them, across the ocean, and laid it on the 
same shelf with the family Bible. They taught it 
diligently to their children, every Sabbath. And 
while a few of their descendants, now in the evening: 
of life, remember every question and answer ; many, 
not yet advanced to life's meridian, can never forget, 
when every Saturday forenoon, they had to take a 
regular catechising, in the common school, com- 
mencing with the a, b, c, oaken-bench class, " What 
is the chief end of man ? " 

If in this Catechism, the true and fundamental 
doctrines of the Gospel are expressed in fewer and 
better words, and definitions, than in any other sum- 
mary, why ought we not now to train up a child in 
the way he should go ? — why not note, put him in 
possession of the richest treasure that ever human 
wisdom and industry accumulated, to draw from ? 

HARTFORD, Conn. ~ 

Stereotyped by R. H. Hobbs. 


A Society of ladies was formed in Boston, in the 
time of Mr. "Whitefield, for improvement in personal 
piety, and to pray for the extension of the Redeem- 
er's Kingdom. The Society met weekly for prayer, 
"reading some sound and serious book," singing, 
and other exercises adapted to 4 ■ spiritual edification." 
44 We also agree," say they, ** once a quarter, to 
spend the day in prayer and other duties of religion, 
our special errand at the throne of grace to ask for 
the outpouring of the Spirit of God on us, our fami- 
lies, and the world of mankind," — " Once a quarter, 
the exercises shall be so shortened, as to have room 
to ask ourselves the Assembly's Shorter Catechism, 
that so we may keep in our minds that excellent form 
of sound words." This edition of the New England 
Primer, is a reprint and fac-simile of one of those 
owned and used by that Society. 

A community of Boston ladies of 44 the olden time," 
enrolling the bright names and embodying the choice 
influences of the mothers of this Israel — the Masons 
and the Waterses of hallowed memory — assembled 
quarterly to refresh their minds from this Primer. 
The fact needs no comment.* 

N. B. This statement is from a lady who was a 
member of the above Society, and from the docu- 
ments of the Society in her possession. 

* 44 Most valuable of every thing, is the education mid 
principle* drmim from the mother's knee^—VrsnvR. 

K Divine Song of Praife to GOD, for a Child, 
by the Rev. Dr. Watts. 

TTWOW glorious is our heavenly King % 
MM Who reigns above the Sky ! 
How Jliall a Child -pre fume to fing 
His dreadful Majefiy ! 

How great his Power is none can tell, 
Nor think how large his Grace : 

Nor men below, nor Saints that dwell 
On high before his Face. 

Nor Angels that ftand round the Lord, 

Can fearch his fecret will ; 
But they perform his heavenly W ord, 

And fing his Praifes flill. 

Then let me join this holy Train, 
And my firfi Offerings bring; 

The eternal GOB will not difdain 
To hear an Infant fing. 

My Heart refolves, my Tongue obeys, 

And Angels fhall rejoice, 
To hear their mighty Maker's Praife, 

Sound from a feeble Voice, 

E R 


|P R I 

^For the more eafy attaining the true^ 
^ reading of Englilh. ^ 


>|>Tlie Affembly of Divines. aniM 
>>> Mr. Cotton's Catechifm. 

sk_ ^ : f 

>>> BOSTON: ^ 

^ Printed by Ed w a r d Draper, 

his Printing-Qilice, in Nev;bury~(& 

¥// Street, and Sold by J 6 h n Bo yx e^ 
in Marlborough- Si 'feet. 1777. ^ 

The young Infant'sot Child's morn- 
ing Prayer. From Dr. Watts. 

ALMIGHTY God the Maker of every 
Things in Heaven and Earth; the Dark- 
nefs goes away, and the Day light comes at thy 
Command. Thou art good and doejl good con- 
t inn ally. 

I thank thee that thou haft taken fuch Care of 
me this Night, and that I am alive and well this 

Save me, O God, from EvU, all this Daylong, 
and let me love and ferve thee forever, for the 
Sake of Jefus Chrifl thy Son. A m k n . 

The Infant's or young Child's 
Evening Prayer. From Dr. Watts. 

OLORD God who knoweft all Things, thou 
feefl me by Night as well as by Day. 
I pray thee for ChrifPs Sake, forgive me what- 
soever 1 have done amifs this Day, and keep me 
all this Night, while I am afleep. 

I defire to lie down under thy Care, and 
to abide forever under thy Bleffing, for thou 
art a God of all Power and everlafling Mercy. 

AMEN - estate of 


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^ Italick Double Letters. ^ 


Great Letters. 










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Eafy Syllables, fyc. 





















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Words of one 

















Words of one Syllable. 



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Words of two Syllables. 





























Words of two Syllables. 

Hei-nous hate-ful hu-mane hus-band 

In-fant in-deed in-cence i-fland 

Ja-cob jeal-ous juf-tice ju-lep 

La-bour la-den la-dy la-zy 

Ma-ny ma-ry mo-tive mu-fick 

Words of three Syllables. 

A-bu-fing a-mend-ing ar-gu-ment 

Bar-ba-rous be-ne-fit beg-gar-ly 

Cal-cu-late can-die-stick coii-foun-ded 

Dam-ni-fy dif-fi-cult drow-fi-nefs 

Ea-ger-ly em-ploy-ing evi-d.en.ce 

Fa-cul-ty fa-mi-ly fu-ne-ral 

Gar-d^-ner glo-ri-ous gra-ti-tude 

Hap-pi-ness har-mo-ny lio-li-nefs 

Words of four Syllables. 

A-bi-li-ty ae-com-pa-ny af-fec-ti-on 

Be-ne-fi-ted be-a-ti-tude be-ne-vo-lent 

Ca-la-mi-ty ca-pa-ei-ty ce-re-mo-ny 

Be-li-ca-cy di-li-gent-ly du-ti-ful-ly 

E-dy-fy-ing e-ver-laft-ing e-vi-dent-ly 

Fe-bru-a-ry ii-de-li-ty for-nii-da-biy 

Ce^-ne-ral-ly glo-ri-fy-ing gra-ci-ous-ly 

Words of 

Words of 
©e-teir-mwi a-ti-on 

five Syllables 
fer-m en-ta-ti-on? 

fix Syllables. 
Mor~ti-fl-c a-ii-ork 

A he.jf on fov Children. 
Pray to God. Call no ill names, 

Lo^e GedL ¥fe no ill words. 

Fear God. Tell no lies. 

Serve God. Hate Lies. 

Take not God r s Speak the Truth. 

Name in vain. Spend your Time well; 
Do not Swear. Love your School. 

Do not SteaL Mind your Book. 

Cheat not in your play. Strive to learn. 
Play not with bad boys. Be not a Dunce 

In Adam's Fall 
We finned all. 

Heaven to find, 
The Bible Mind. 

Clirifl crucifyd 
For tinners dy'd. 

The Deluge drown'dl 
The Earth around. 

Elijah hid 
By Ravens fed*. 

The judgment made 
Felix afraid. 

As runs the Glass, 
Our Life doth pass. 

My Book and Heart 
Must never part. 

Job feels the Rod,—- 
Yet blefies GOD. 

Proud Koran's troop 
Was fwallowed up 

L o t fled to Zoar, 
Saw fiery Shower 
On Sodom pour. 

Moses was he 
Who Israel's Hoft 
Led thro' the Sea, 

\ o a H did view 
The old world & new. 

Young Obadias, 
David, Josias, 
All were pious. 

P e t e r deny'd 
His Lord and crv'd. 

Queen Esther fues 
And faves the Jews. 

Young pious Ruth, 
Left all for Truth. 

Young Sam'l dear, 
The Lord did fear. 

Young T i h o t h y 
Learnt fin to fly. 

V a s t h i for Pride, 
Was let alide. 

Whales in the Sea, 
GOD's Voiee obey. 

X e r x e s did die, 
And i'o muft I. 

While youth do chear 
Death may be near. 

Z a c c h e u s he 
Did climb the Tree 
Our Lord to fee. 


WHO was the firft man 1 Adam, 
Who was the firft woman 7 Eve. 
Who was the firft Murderer t Cain, 
Who was the firft Martyr ? Abel. 
Who was the firft Tranilated ? Enoch. 
Who was the oldeft Man ? Mcthufelah. 
Who built the Ark ? AW/. 
W r ho was the Patienteft Mail ? /o^. 
Who was the Meekeft Man I * Mofes. 
Who led IJrael into Canaan ? Jofhua. 
Who was the ltrongest Man ? Sampfon. 
Who killed <3afe& / Z?ii#. 
W r ho was the wifeft Man ? Solomon. 
Who was in the Whale's Belly ? Jonah. 
Who fates lolt Men ? /e/i/s ChrijL 

Who is Je/MS Chrijt ? The Son of God. 
Who was the Mother of Chrijl ? Mary. 
Who betrayed his Mailer ? Judas. 
Who denied his Mailer ? Peter. 
Who was the firft Chriftian Martyr 1 Stephen. 
Who was chief Apoftie of the Gentiles /Paul. 
The Infant's Grace before and after Meat. 
LESS me, O Lord, and let my food 
ltrengthen me to ferve thee, for Jesus 
Chrift's fake. A m e x . 
JDelire to thank God who gives nie food 

to eat every day of my life. A n k n 

WHAT's right and good now (hew me 
Lord, and lead me by thy grace and 
word. Thus fhall 1 be a child of God, and 
love and fear thv hand and rod. 




An Alphabet of Leffons for Youth. 
Wife fon maketh a glad father, but a 
foolilhfon istheheavinefsof his mother. 
Etter is a little with the fear of the Lord, 
than great treasure & trouble therewith. 
Ome unto Chrift all ye that labor and are 
heavy laden and he will give you reft. 
Onot the abominable thing which I hate 
faith the Lord. 

EXcept a man be born again, he cannot 
fee the kingdom of God. 
TJ 1 Oolifhuefs is bound up in the heart of a 
* child, but the rod of correction ihail 
drive it far from him. 

GODLINESS is profitable unto all things, 
having the promife of the life that now 
is, and that which is to come. 
TTOLINESS becomes G O D ' s houfe 
for ever. 

IT is good for me to draw near unto 

KEEP thy heart with all diligence, for 
out of it are the iflues of life. 

LIARS lhall have their part in the lake 
which burns with fire and brimftone.* 
TVTANY are the afflictions of the right- 
.T. ous > Dut tne ^ jORD delivereth them 
out of them all. 

NOW is the accepted time, now is the 
day of falvation. 

OUT of the abundance of the heart the 
mouth fpeaketh. 
*P RAY to thy Father which is in fecret ; 

and thy Father which fees in fecret 
(hall reward thee openly. 

aUlT you like men, be ftrong, Hand fail 
in the faith. 

REMEMBER thy Creator in the days 
' of thy youth. 

SEeft thou a man wife in his own conceit, 
there is more hope of a fool than of him. 
f | TRUST in God at all times, ye people, 

pour out your hearts before him. 
TTPON the wicked, God (hall rain an 
^ horrible tempeft. 

"V^TO to the wicked, it fhall bo ill with 
him, for the reward of his hand* 
fhall be given him. 

E"V* HORT one another daily while it is 
-A- called to day, left any of you be 
hardened thro 1 the deceitfulnefs of fin. 

YOUNG men ye have overcome the 
wicked one. 

ZEal hath con fumed me, becaufe thy ene* 
mies have forgotten the word of God. 

The LORD'S Prayer, 

OUR Father which art in heaven, hallow- 
ed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. 
Thy will be done on earth as it is heaven. 
Give us this day our daily bread. And for- 
give us our debts as we forgive our debtors. 
And lead us not into temptation. But deli- 
ver us from evil. For thine is the kingdom, 
the power and the glory, forever. Ame n. 

T BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty 
Maker of heaven and earth, and in Jefus 
Chrift his only Son our Lord, which was con- 
ceived by the Holy Ghoft, born of the Virgin 
Mary/fuffef ed under Pontius Pilate, was cru- 
cified, dead and buried. He defcended into 
hell. The third day he arofe again from 
the dead, and afcended into heaven, and fit- 
teth on the right hand of God, the Father, 

Almighty. From thence he fhall come to 
judge both the quick and the dead. I be- 
lieve in the Holy Ghoft, the Holy Catholic 
Church, the communion of Saints, the for- 
givenefs of fins, the refurrection of the body, 
and the life everlafting. Amen. 

Dr. Watts's Cradle Hymn. 

HUSH ray dear, lie ftill and flumber, 
holy angels guard thy bed r 
Heavenly bleflings without number, 

gently falling on thy head. 
Sleep my babe, thy food and raiment 

houfe and home thy friends provide, 
All without thy care or payment, 
all thy wants are well fupply'd. 
How much better thou'rt attended, 

than the Son of God could be, 
When from heaven he defcended, 

and became a child like thee. 
Soft and eafy is thy cradle, 

coarfe and hard thy Saviour lay, 
When his birth-place was a liable, 

and his fofteft bed was hay. 
Bleffed Babe ! what glorious features, 

fpotlefs fair, divinely bright ! ! 
Mufl he dwell with brutal creatures, 

how could angels bear the fight ! 
Was there nothing but a manger, 

cmfed Tinners could afford, 
To receive the heavenly ftranger ; 

did thev thus affront their Lord. 
Soft my child I did not chide thee, 

tho' my fong may found too hard ; 
'Tis thy mother fits belide thee, 

and her arms fliall be thy guard. 
Yet to read the fhameful (lory, 

how the Jews abus'd their King, 
How they ferv'd the Lord of glory, 

makes me angry while I fing. 
See the kinder fhepherds round him, 

telling wonders from the fky ; 
There they fought him, there they found him, 

with his Virgin Mother by. 
See the lovely Babe a drefling ; 

lovely Infant how he smiFd ! 
When he wept, the Mother's blefling 

soeth'd and hufh'd the holy child. 
Lo ! he ffumbers in his manger, 

where the horned oxen fed ; 
Peace my darling here's no danger. 

here's no Ox a near thy bed. 
*Twas to fave thee, child from dying, 

fave my dear from burning flame, 

Bitter groans and endlefs crying, 

that thy bleft Redeemer came. 
May'ft thou live to know and fear him, 

truft and love him all thy days ! 
Then go dwell for ever near him, 

fee his face and ling his praife. 
I could give thee thoufand kifles, 

hoping what I mofl defire : 
Not a mother's fondeft wifhes, 

can to greater joys afpire. 

Verses for Children. 
HP HOUGH I am young a little one, 

If I can fpeak and go alone, 
Then I muft learn to know the Lord, 
And learn to read his holy word. 
'Tis time to feek to God and pray 
For what I w*ant for every day : 
I have a precious foul to fave, 
And I a mortal body have, 
Tho' I am young yet I may die, 
And hallen to eternity : 
There is a dreadful fiery hell, 
Where wicked ones must always dwell : 
There is a heaven full of joy, 
Where godly ones must always ftay : 
To one of thefe my foul must fly, 
As in a moment when I die : 

When God that made me, culls me home, 

1 mufl not stay 1 mull be gone. 

He gave me and gives me breath, 

And he can fave my foul from death, 

By J e s u 8 C h ft i S T my only Lord, 

According to his holy word. 

He clothes my back and makes me warm 

He faves my rlefh and bones from harm. 

He gives me bread and milk and meat 

And all I have that's good to eat. 

When I am lick, he if he pleafe, 

Can make me well and give me eafe : 

He gives me lleep and quiet reft, 

Whereby my body is refrefh'd 

The Lord is good and kind to me, 

And very thankful I mull be : 

I muft obey and love and fear him, 

By faith in Chrift I muft draw near hira. 

I muft not fin as others do, 

Left I lie down in forrow too : 

For God is angry every day, 

With wicked ones who go aftray, 

All finful words I must reftrain : 

I muft not take God's name in vain. 

I muft not work, I muft not play, 

Upon God's holy fabbath day. 

And if my parents fpeak the word, 

T muft obey ihem in the Lord. 
Nor fteal, nor lie, nor fpend my days, 
In idle tales and foolifh plays, 
I muft obey my Lord's commands, 
Do fomething with my little hands : 
Remember my creator now, 
In youth while time will it allow. 
Young S a m u e l that little child, 
He ferv'd the Lord, liv'd undenTd; 
Him in his fervice God employ'd, 
While Eli's wicked children dy'd : 
When wicked children mocking (aid, 
To a good man, Go up bald head, 
God was difpleas'd with them and fent 
Two bears which them in pieces rent, 
I muft not like thefe children vile, 
Difpleafe my God, myfelf defile. 
Like young Abijah, I muft fee, 
That good things may be found in me, 
Young King Josiah , that blelfed youth, 
He fought the Lord and lov'd the truth ; 
He like a King did act his part, 
And follow'd God with all his heart. 
The little children they did fing, 
Hofannah's to their heavenly King. 
That blefled child young Timothy, 
Did learn God's word moft needfully. 

It feem'd to be his recreation^ 
Which made him wife unto falvatiofl I 
By faith in Chrilt which he had gain'd 
With prayers and tears that faith unfeigned. 
Thefe good examples were for me ; 
Like thefe good children I must be. 
Give me true faith in Chrilt my Lord, 
Obedience to his holy word, 
No word is in the world like thine, 
There's none fo pure, fweet and divine. 
From thence let me thy will behold, 
And love thy word above fine gold. 
Make my heart in thy ftatutes found, 
And make my faith and love abound. 
Lord circumcife my heart to love thee : 
And nothing in this world above thee ; 
Let me behold thy pleafed face, 
And make my foul to grow in grace, 
And in the knowledge of my Lord 
And Saviour Chrift, and of his word. 

AWAKE, arife, behold thou haft, 
Thy life a leaf, thy breath a blaft ; 
At night lay down prepar'd to have 
Thy lleep, thy death, thy bed, thy grave. 
X O R D if thou lengthen out my days ; 
Then let my heart fo fixrd be, 

That I may lengthen out thy praise, 
And never turn alide from thee. 

So in my end I fhall rejoiee, 
In thy falvation joyful be ; 
My foul fhall say with loud glad voice, 
JEHOVAH who is like to thee ? 

Who takefl the lambs into thy arms, 
And gently leadeft thofe with young, 
Who fa veil children from all harms, 
Lord, I will praife thee with my fong. 

And when my days on earth fhall end, 
And I go hence and be here no more, 
Give me eternity to fpend, 
My G O D to praife forever more. 

♦ Good children mud, 
Fear God all day, Love Chrifl alway, 
Parents obey, In fecret pray, 

No falfe thing fay, Mind little play, 
By no fin firay, Make no delay, 
In doing good. 

T In the burying place may fee, 

Graves fhorter there than I, 
From death's arreft no age is free, 

Young children too mufl die. 
My God may fuch an awful fight, 

Awakening be to me ! \ 
Oh ! that by early grace I might 
For death prepared be. 


J^OW I lay me down to take my Jleep, 

I pray the Lord my foul to keep, 
If I flwuld die before 1 wake, 
I pray the Lord my foul to take. 


jfcplrft i R morning when thou deft awake, 
To God for his grace thy petition make, 
Some heavenly petition ufe daily to fay, 
That the God of heaven may blefs thee alway. 

Duty to God and our neighbour. 
T O VE God with all your foul & ftrength, 

^ With all your heart and minjd ; 
And love your neighbour as yourfelf, 

Be faithful, juft and kind. 
Deal with another as you'd have 

Another deal with you : 
What you're unwilling to receive, 
Be fure you never do. 

Our Saviour's Golden Rule. 
DE you to others kind and true, 
" As you'd have others be to you : 
And neither do nor fay to men, 

Whate'er you would not take again. 

The Sum of the ten Commandments . 

WITH all thy foul love God above, 
And as thyfelf thy neighbour love. 
Advice to Youth. Eccle. xii. 

NOW in the heat of youthful blood, 
Remember your Creator God ; 
Behold the months come haft'ning on, 
When you fhall fay, My joys are gone* 

Behold the aged firmer goes 
Laden with guilt and heavy woes, 
Down to the regions of the dead, 
With endlefs curfes on his head. 

The duft returns to dud again, 
The foul in agonies of pain, 
Afcends to God not there to dwell, 
But hears her doom and links to hell. 
Eternal King I fear thy name, 
Teach me to know how frail I am, 
And when my foul muft hence remove, 
Give me a man (ion in thy love. 
Remember thy Creator in the days of thy youi 

CHILDREN your great Creator fear, 
To him your homage pay, 
While vain employments fire your blood, 

And lead your thoughts aflray. 
The due remembrance of his name 
Your first regard requires ; 

Till your breaft glows with facred love, 

Indulge no meaner fires. 
Secure his favour, and be wife, 

Before thefe cheerlefs days, 
When age comes on, when mirth's no more, 

And health and ftrength decays. 

Some proper Names o/Men and W omen, 
to teach Children to fpell their own. 

Men's Names. 

A Dam, Abel, 
Amos, Aaron, 
Abijah, Andrew, 
Alexander, Anthony, 
Benjamin, Barnabas, 
Benoni, Barzillai, 
Caleb, Caefar, 
Charles, Christopher, 
Clement, Cornelius, 
David, Daniel, 
Ephraim, Edward, 
Edmund, Ebenezer, 
Elijah, Eliphalet, 
Elifha, Eleazer, 
Elihu, Ezekiel, 

Elias, Elizur, 
Frederick, Francis, 
Gilbert, Giles, 
George, Gamalial, 
Gideon, Gerfhom, 
Heman, Henry, 
Hezekiab, Hugh, 
John, Jonas, Ifaac, 
Jacob, Jared, Job, 
James, Jonathan, 
Ifrael, Jofeph, 
Jeremiah, Jofhua, 
Joliah, Jedediah, 
Jabez, Joel, Judah, 
Lazarus, Luke, 
Mathew, Michael, 
Mofes, Malachi, 
Nathaniel, Nathan, 

Nicholas, Noadiah, 
Nehemiah, Noah, 
Ohadiah, Ozias, 
Paul, Peter, Philip, 
Phineas, Peletiah, 
Ralph, Richard, 
Samuel, Sampfon, 
Stephen, Solomon, 
Seih, Simeon, Saul, 

Shem, (l Shubal, 
Timothy, Thomas, 
Titus, Theophilus, 
Uriah, Uzzah, 
Walter, William, 
Xerxes, Xenophon, 
Zachariah, Zebdiel, 
Zedekiah, Zadock, 
Zebulon, Zebediak, 

Wwnerfs Names. 

\ Bigail, xAnne, 
J -~-* Alice, Anna, 
Bethiah, Bridget, 
Otoe, Charity, 
Deborah, Dorothy, 
Dorcas, Dinah, 
Da maris, 

Elizabeth, Either, 
Eunice, Eleanor, 
Frances, Flora, 
Grace, Gillet, 
Hannah, Huldah, 
Henrietta, Hagar. 
Joanna, Jane, 
Jamima, Ifabel, 

Judith, Jennet, 
Katharine, KaUira, 
Kezia, Lydia, 
Lucretia, Lucy, 
Lwii«, Lettiee, 
Mary, Margaret, 
Martha, Mehitable, 
Marcy, Merial, 
Patience, Phylis, 
Phebe, Prifcilla, 
Rachel, Rebecca, 
Ruth, Rhode, Rofe, 
Sarah, Sufanna, 
Tabitha, Tamefin, 

Zipporah, Zibiah. 

/f~R. JohnRog e r s , remitter of the 
gof pel in London, was the firfli mar- 
tyr in Queen Mary's reign, and was 
burnt at 8nnthjield r February 14, 1554. — His 
wife with nine small children, and one at 
her breast following him to the 1 take ; with 
which forrowful light he was not in the 
leaft daunted, but with wonderful patience 
died courageoufly for the goTpel of d & 3 v s 

JS&mc few days before his death, he wrote the 
following Advice to his Children, 

GIVE ear my children to my words 
Whom God hath dearly bought, 
Lay up his laws within your heart, 
and print them in your thoughts. 
I leave you here a kttle book 

for you to look upon, 
That you may fee your fathers face 

when he is dead and gone : 
Who for the hope of heavenly things, 

While he did here remain, 
Gave over all his golden years 

to prifon and to pain. 
Where I, among my iron bands, 

inclofed in the dark, 
Not many days before my death, 

I did compofe this work : 
And for example to your youth, 

to whom I wifli all good, 
I fend you here God's perfect truth, 

and leal it with my blood. 
To you my heirs of earthly things : 

which I do leave behind, 
That you may read and underfland 

and keep it in your mind. 
That as you have been heirs of that 

that once fhall wear away, 
You alfo may poflefs that part, 

which never fhall decay. 
Keep always God before your eyes 

with all your whole intent, 
Commit no fin in any wife, 

keep his commandment. 
Abhor that arrant whore of R o m e 

and all her blafphemies, 
And drink not of her curfed cup, 

obey not her decrees. 
Give honor to your mother dear, 

remember well her pain, 
And recompence her in her age, 

with the like love again. 
Be always ready for her help, 

and let her not decay, 
Remember well your father all, 

who would have been your flay. 
Give of your portion to the poor, 

as riches do arife, 
And from the needy naked foul, 

turn not away your eyes : 
For he that doth not hear the cry 

of thofe that ftand in need, 
Shall cry himfelf and not be heard, 

when he does hope to fpeed. 

If GOD hath given you increafe, 

and blefled well your ftore, 
Remember you are put in truft, 

and fhould relieve the poor. 
Beware of foul and filthy luft, 

let fuch things have no place, 
Keep clean your veifels in the LORD, 

that he may you embrace. 
Ye are the temples of the LORD, 

for you are dearly bought, 
And they that do defile the fame, 

fhall furely come to nought. 
Be never proud by any means, 

build not your houfe too high, 
But always have before your eyes, 

that you are born to die. 
Defraud not him that hired is, 

your labour to fuftain, 
But pay him ftill without delay 

his wages for his pain. 
And as you would that other men 

againii you fhouid proceed, 
Do you the fame to them again, 

when they do (land in need. 
Impart your portion to the poor, 

in money and in m^al 

And fend the feeble fainting foul, 

of that which you do eat. 
A(k counfel always of the wife, 

give ear unto the end, 
And ne r er refufe the fweet rebuke 

of him that is thy friend. 
Be always thankful to the LORD* 

with prayer and with praife, 
Begging of him to blefs your w T ork ? 

and to direct your ways. 
Seek firft, I fay, the living GOIX 

and always him adore, 
And then be fure that he will blefs,, 

your bafket and your (tore. 
And I befeech Almighty GOD* 

replenifh you with grace, 
That I may meet you in the heavens* 

and fee you face to face. 
And though the fire my body burns,, 

contrary to my kind, 
That I cannot enjoy your love 

according to my mind : 
Yet I do hope that when the heavens 

fhall vanifh like a fcroll,. 
I fhall fee you in perfect fbape , 

in body and in foul. 
And that I may enjoy your love* 

and you enjoy the land, 
1 do befeech the living LORD, 

to hold you in his hand. 
Though here my body be adjudg'd 

in flaming fire to fry, 
My foul I truft, will ftraight afcend 

to live with GOD on high. 
What though this carcafe fmart awhile 

what though this life decay, 
My foul 1 hope will be with GOD, 

and live with him for aye. 
I know I am a Tinner born, 

from the original, 
And that I do deferve to die 

by my fore-father's fall : 
But by our Saviour's precious blood, 

which on the crofs was fpilt, 
Who freely offer'd up his life, 

to fave our fouls from guilt ; 
I hope redemption I fhall have, 

and all who in him truft, 
When I fhall fee him face to face, 

and live among the juft. 
Why then fhould 1 fear death's grim look 

fmcc CHRIST for me did die, 
For King and Cafar, rich and poor, 

the force of death muft try. 

When I am chained to the flake, 

and fagots girt me round, 
Then pray the LORD my foul in heaven 

may be with glory crown'd. 
Come welcome death the end of fears, 

I am prepared to die : 
Thofe earthly flames will fend my foul 

up to the Lord on high. 
Farewell my children to the world, 

where you muft yet remain ; 
The LORD of holts be your defence, 

'till we do meet again. 
Farewell my true and loving wife, 

my children and my friends, 
I hope in heaven to fee you all, 

when all things have their end. 
If you go on to ferve the LORD, 

as you have now begun, 
You fhall walk fafely all your days, 

until your life be done. 
GOD grant you fo to end your days, 

as he fhall think it beft, 
That I may meet you in the heavens, 

where I do hope to reft. 

UR days begin with trouble here, 
our life is but a fpan, 

And cruel death is always near, 

fo frail a thing is man. 
Then fow the feeds of grace whilft young, 

that when thou com'ft to die, 
Thou, may'ft fing forth that triumph fong, 

Death where's thy victory. 

Choice Sentences, 

1. P r a y i n g will make us leave finning, 
or finning will make us leave praying* 

2. O u r weaknefs and inabilities break 
not the bond of our duties. 

3. What we are afraid to fpeak before 
men, we fhould be afraid to think before 

Learn the fe four lines by heart. 

HAVE communion with few, 
Be intimate with ONE, 
Deal juftly with all, 
Speak evil of none. 

A G U R> s Prayer, 
TT> E M 0 V E far from me vanities and 
lies ; give me neither poverty nor 
riches ; feed me with food convenient for 
me : left I be full and deny thee, and fay. 
Who is the Lord 1 Or left I be poor and 
fteal and take the name of my GOD in vain, 

The Shorter 


Agreed upon by the Reverend Allembly of 
Divines at. Weflminfler. 

Queft \\*^ ^ ^ ^ c ^ e f en( ^ °f man • 

Anf. Man's chief end is to 

glorify God and enjoy him forever. 

Q. 2. What rule hath God given to di- 
rect us how toe may glorify and enjoy him ? 

A. The word of God which is contained 
in the fcriptures of the old and new tefta- 
ment is the only rule to direct us how we 
may glorify God and enjoy him. 
Q.3. What do tho fcriptures principally teach? 

A. The fcriptures principally teach what 
man is to believe concerning God, and what 
duty God requireth of man. 

Q. 4. What is God? 

A. God is a fpirit, infinite, eternal, and 
unchangeable, in his being, wifdom, power, 
holinefs, juflice, goodnefs and truth. 

Q. 5. Are there more Gods than one ? 

A. There is but ONE only, the living and 
true GOD. 

Q. 6. How many persons are there in the 
God-head ? 

A. There are three perfons in the God- 
head, the Father, the Son, and the Holy 
Ghoft, and thefe three are one GOD, the 
fame in fubftarice, equal in power and glory. 

Q. 7. What are the decrees of God ? 

A. The decrees of God are his eternal 
purpofe, according to the counfel of his own 
will, whereby for his own glory he hath 
fore-ordained whatfoever comes to pafs. 

Q. 8. How doth God execute his decrees ? 

A. God executeth his decrees in the 
works of creation and providence. 

Q. 9. What is the work of creation ? 

A. The work of creation is God's making 
all things of nothing by the word of his pow- 
er, in the fpace of fix days,and all very good. 

Q. 10. How did God create man ? 

A. God created man male & female after 
his own image, in knowledge, righteoufnefs 
andholinefs,with dominion over the creatures 

Q. 1 1 . What are God's works of providence ? 
. Ah God's works of providence are his moft 
holy,wife and powerful,preferving & govern- 

ing all his creatures and all their actions. 

Q. 3 2. What fpecial act of providence 
did God exercife towards man in the eft ate 
wherein he was created ? 

A. When God had created man, he en- 
tered into a covenant of life with him upon 
condition of perfect obedience, forbidding 
him to eat of the tree of knowledge of good 
and evil, upon pain of death. 

Q. 13. Did our firfl parents continue in 
the eftate wherein they were created ? 

A. Our firftparents being left to the freedom 
of their own will, fell from the eftate wherein 
they were created, by finning againft God. 

Q. 14, What is fin? 

A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, 
or tranfereflion of the law of God. 

Q. 15. What was the fin whereby our firfl 
parents fell from the eftate wherein they were 
created ? 

A. The fin whereby our firfl parents fell 
from the eftate wherein they were created, 
was their eating the forbidden fruit. 

Q. 16, Did all mankind fall in Adam's 
firft transgrcjfion ? 

A. The covenant being made with Adam, 
not only for himfelf, but for his pofterity, 

all mankind defcendingfrom him by ordina- 
ry generation, finned in him, and fell with 
him in his fir ft tranlgreflion. 

Q. 17. Into what cftate did the fall bring 
mankind ? 

A. The fall brought mankind into an es- 
tate of fin and mifery. 

Q. 18. Wherein confifts the finfulnefs of 
that eftate whereinto man fell ? 

A. The finfulnefs of that eftate whereinto 
man fell, confifts in the guilt of Adam's firft 
fm, the want of original righteousnefs,& the 
corruption of his whole nature, which is com- 
monly called original fm, together with all 
actual tranfgreflions which proceed from it. 

Q. 19. What is the mifery of that eftate 
whereinto man fell ? 

A. All mankind by the fall loft commu- 
nion with God, are under his wrath & curfe, 
and fo made liable to the miferies in this life, 
to death itfelf, & to the pains of hell forever. 

Q. 20. Did God leave all mankind to per- 
ifli in the ftate of fin and mifery ? 

A. God having out of his mere good 
pleafure from all eternity elected fome to 
everlafting life, did enter into a cove- 
nant of grace, to deliver them out of a flat© 

of fin and mifery, and to bring them into a 
ftate of ialvation by a Redeemer. 

Q. 21 . Who is the Redeemer of God's elect? 

A . The only Redeemer of God's elect, is 
the Lord Jefus Chrilt, who being the eternal 
Son of God, became man, and fo was, and 
continues to be God and man, in two dif- 
tinct natures, and one perfon forever. 

Q. 22. Hoiv did Chrifl being the Son of 
God become man ? 

A. Chrift the Son of God became man by 
taking to himfelf a true body and a refona- 
ble foul, being conceived by the power of 
the Holy GhoTt, in the womb of the virgin 
Mary, and born of her, and yet without fin. 

Q. 23. What offices doth Chrift execute 
as our Redeemer ? 

A. Chrift as our Redeemer executes the of- 
fice of a prophet, of a pried, & of a king, both 
in his e ftate of humiliation and exaltation. 

Q. 24. Hoxv doth Chrifl execute the office 
of a prophet ? 

A . Chrill executeth the office of a pro- 
phet in revealing to us by his word and fpi- 
rit, the will of God for our Ialvation. 

Q. 25. Wow doth Chrifl execute the office 
of h priefl ? 

A. Chrift executeth the office of a prieft in 
his once offering up himfelf a iacrifice to fa- 
tisfy divine justice, and reconcile us to God, 
and in making continual interceffion for us. 

Q. 26, How doth Chrift execute the office 
of a king ? ' 

A. Chrift executeth the office of a king 
in fubduing us to himfelf, in ruling and de- 
fending us, and in retraining and conquer- 
ing all his and our enemies. 
Q27 Wherein did Chriff s humiliation confift? 

A. Chrifl's humiliation confifted in his 
being born and that in a low condition, made 
under the law, undergoing the miferies of 
this life, the wrath of God, and the curfed 
death of the crofs, in being buried and con- 
tinuing under the power of death for a time. 

Q. 28. Wherein confifts ChriJVs exaltation? 

A. Chrift' s exaltation confifteth in his ri- 
fing again from the dead on the third day, 
in afcending up into heaven, and fitting at 
the right hand of God the Father, and in 
coming to judge the world at the last day. 

Q. 29. How are we made partakers of the 
redemption purchased by Chrift ? 

A, We are made partakers of the redemp- 
tion purchafed by Chrift by the effectual ap- 

plication of it to us by his holy Spirit. 

Q. 30. How doth the Spirit apply to u* 
the redemption purchafed by Chrifi ? 

A. The Spirit applieth to us the redemp- 
tion purchafed by Chrift, by working faith 
in us, and thereby uniting us to Chrift in 
our effectual calling. 

Q. 31. What is effectual calling ? 

A. Effectual calling is the work of God's 
Spirit, whereby convincing us of our fin and 
mifery, enlightening our minds in the know- 
ledge of Chrifi, and renewing our wills, he 
doth perfuade and enable us to embrace Je- 
fus Chrift, freely offered to us in the gofpel. 

Q. 32. What benefits do they that are ef- 
fectually called partake of in this life ? 

A. They that are effectually called do in 
this life partake of j unification, adoption, 
and fanctification, and the feveral benefits 
which in this life do either accompany or 
flow from them. 

Q . 33. What is ju flification 1 

A. Juftification is an act of God's free 
grace, wherein he pardoneth all our fins, 
and accepteth us as righteous in his fight, 
only for the righteoufnefs of Chrift imputed 
to us, and received by faith alone. 

Q. 34. What is adoption ? 

A. Adoption is an act of God's free grace, 
whereby we are received into the number, 
and have a right to all the privileges of the 
fons of God. 

Q. 35. What is fanctification ? 

A. Sanctification is the work of God's 
free grace, whereby we are renewed in the 
whole man, after the image of God, and are 
enabled more and more to die unto fin, and 
live unto rigliteoufnefs. 

Q. 36. What are the benefits which in this 
life do accompany or fiow fram juJlificatio?i, 
adoption and fanctification ? 

A. The benefits which in this life do ac- 
company or flow from juftification, adoption 
and fanctification, are aflurance of God's 
love, peace of confcience, joy in the holy 
Ghoft, increase of grace, and perfeverance 
therein to the end. 

Q. 37. What benefits do believers receive 
from Chrifl at their death ? 

A. The fouls of believers are at their 
death made perfect in holinefs, and do im- 
mediately pafs into glory, and their bodies 
being f till united to Chrift do reft in their 
graves 'till the refurrection. 

Q. 38. What benefits do believers receive 
from Chrifi at the resurrection ? 

A. At the refurrection believers being 
raifed up to glory, shall be openly acknow- 
ledged and acquitted in the day of judg- 
ment, and made perfectly bleffed in the full 
enjoyment of God to all eternity. 

Q. 39. What is the duty which God re- 
quires of man ? 

A. The duty which God requires of man, 
is obedience to his revealed will. 

Q. 40. What did God at firft reveal to 
man for the rule of his obedience ? 

A. The ride which God at firft revealed to 
man for his obedience was the moral law. 

Q. 41. Where is the moral law fummarily 
comprehended ? 

A. The moral law is fummarily compre- 
hended in the ten commandments. 

Q. 42. What is the fum of the ten com- 
mandments ? 

A. The fum of the ten commandments 
is, to love the Lord our God with all our 
heart, with all our foul, with all our 
ftrength, and with all our mind, and our 
neighbour as ourfelves. 

Q. 43. What is the preface to the ten 

commandments ? 

A. The preface to the ten command- 
ments is in thefe words, / am the Lord thy 
God which have brought thee out of the land 
of Egypt, and out of the houfe of bondage. 

Q. 44. What doth the preface to the ten 
commandments teach us ? 

A. The preface to the ten commandments 
teacheth us, that becaufe God is the Lord, and 
our God and Redeemer, therefore we are 
bound to keep all his commandments. 

Q, 45. Which is the first commandment f 

A. The firfl commandment is, Thou fhalt 
have no other Gods before me. 

Q. 46. What is required in the firft com- 
mandment ? 

A. The firft commandment requireth us 
to know and acknowledge God, to be the 
only true God, and our God, and to wor- 
ftiip and glorify him accordingly, 

Q. 47. What is forbidden in the first com- 
mandment ? 

A. The firfl commandment forbiddeth 
the denying or not worfhipping and glorify- 
ing the true God, as God, and our God, and 
the giving that worfhip and glory to any 
other which is due to him alone. 

Q. 48. What are we efpecially taught hi) 
thefe words (before me) in the jirfl command- 
merit ? 

A. Thefe words (before ?ne) in the firft 
commandment, teach us, that God who feeth 
all things, taketh notice of and is much dif- 
pleafed with the fin of having any other God. 

Q. 49. Which is the fecond commandment ? 

A. The fecond commandment is, Thou 
Jlialt not make unto thee any graven image, of 
the likeness of any thing that is in heaven d- 
bove, or that is in the earth beneath, or that 
is in the water under the earth ; thou fhalt not 
bow down thy f elf to them nor serve them, f of 
I the Lord thy God am a jealous God,vifiting 
the iniquities of the fathers upon the children, 
unto the third and fourth generation of them 
that hate me and fheiving mercy unto thoufands 
of them that love me <5f keep my commandments. 

Q. 50. What is required in the fecond 
commandment ? 

A. The fecond commandment ■ require th 
the receiving, obferving,& keeping pure and 
entire all fuch religious worfhip and ordinan- 
ces, as God hath appointed in his word. 

Q. 51. What is forbidden in the fecond 
commandment ? 

A. The fecond commandment forbiddeth 
the worfhipping of God by images or any- 
other way not appointed in his word. 

Q. 52. What are the reafons annexed to 
the fecond commandment ? 

A. The reafons annexed to the fecond 
commandment, are God's fovereignty over 
us, his propriety in us, and the zeal he hath 
to his own worfhip. 

Q. 53. Which is the third commandment ? 

A. The third commandment is, Thou 
flialt not take the name of the Lord thy God 
in*vain, for the Lord will not hold him guilt- 
lefs, that taketh his name in vain. 

Q. 54. What is required in the third 
commandment ? 

A. The third commandment require th the 
holy and reverent ufe of God's names, titles, 
attributes, ordinances, word and works. 

Q. 55. What is forbidden in the third 
commandment ? 

A. The third commandment forbiddeth 
all profaning or abufing of any thing 
whereby God maketh himfelf known. 

Q. 56. What is the reafon annexed to the 
third commandment ? 

A. The reafon annexed to the third com- 
mandment is, That however the breakers of 
this commandment may efcape punifhment 
from men, yet the Lord our God will not 
fmTer them to efcape his righteous judgment. 

Q. 57. Which is the fourth commandment ? 
A. The fourth commandment is, Remember 
the fabbath day to keep it holy, fix days /halt 
thou labor and do all thy work, but the fe- 
venth day is the fabbath of the Lord thy God, 
in it thou Jlialt not do any work, thou nor thy 
fon, nor thy daughter, thy man-fervant, nor 
thy maid fervant, nor thy cattle, nor the 
ftranger that is within thy gates, for in fix 
days the Lord made heaven and earth, the 
fea and all that in them is, and refled the 
feventh day, wherefore the Lord blejfed the 
fabbath day and hallowed it. 

Q. 58. What is required in the fourth 
commandment ? 

A. The fourth commandment requireth, 
the keeping holy to God fuch fet times as 
he hath appointed in his word, expreflly one 
whole day in feven to be an holy Sabbath 
to himfelf. 

Q. 59. Which day of the feven hath God 
appointed to be the weekly fabbath ? 

A. From the beginning of the world, to 
the refurrection of Chrift, God appointed 
the feventh day of the week to be the 
weekly fabbath, and the fir ft day of the 
week ever fince to continue to the end of 
the world, which is the Chriflian Sabbath. 

Q. 60. How is the fabbath to be fanctified ? 

A. The fabbath is to be fanctified by an 
holy refting all that day, even from fuch 
worldly employments and recreations as are 
lawful on other days, and fpending the whole 
time in public and private exercifes of God's 
worfhip, except fo much as is to be taken 
up in the works of neceflity and mercy. 

Q. 61. What is forbid den in the fourth 
commandment ? 

A. The fourth commandment forbiddeth, 
the omifiion or carelefs performance of the 
duties required, and the profaning the day by 
idlenefs,or doing that which is in itfelf finful, 
or by unneceffary thoughts, words or works, 
about worldly employments or recreations. 

Q. 62. What are the rcafons annexed to 
the fourth commandment ? 

A. The reafons annexed to the fourth com- 
mandment, are God's allowing us fix days of 
the week for our own employment, his chal- 

lenging a special propriety in the feventh,his 
own example, & his bleffing the fabbath day. 

Q. 63. Which is the fifth commandment ? 

A. The fifth commandment is, Honor thy 
father and thy mother, that thy days may be long 
upon the land winch the Lord thy Godgiveth thee. 

Q. 64. What is required in the fifth com- 
mandment ? 

A. The fifth commandment requireth the 
preserving the honor, and performing the 
duties belonging to every one in their feve- 
ral places and relations, as fuperiors, infe- 
riors, or equals. 

Q. 65. What is forbidden in the fifth 
commandment ? 

A. The fifth commandment forbiddeth the 
neglecting of, or doing any thing against the 
honour and duty which belongeth to every 
one in their feveral places and relations. 

Q. 66. What is the reason annexed to the 
fifth commandment ? 

A. The reason annexed to the fifth com- 
mandment is a promife of long life and prof- 
perity, (as far as it fhall ferve for God's glo- 
ry and their own good) to all fuch as keep 
this commandment. 

Q. 67. Which is the fixth commandment ? 

A. The fixth commandment is, Thou 
Jfialt not kill. 

Q. 68. What is required in tlve fixth com- 
mandmcnt ? 

A. The fixth commandment requireth all 
lawful endeavors to preferve our own life, 
and the life of others. 

Q. 69. What is forbidden in the Jixth com- 
mandment ? 

A, The fixth commandment forbiddeth 
the taking away cf our own life, or the life of 
our neighbour unjuftly, and whatfoever ten- 
deth thereunto. 

Q. 70. Which is the feverith commandment ? 

A. The feventh commandment is, Thou 
Jludt not commit adultery, 

Q. 71. What is required in the feventh 
commandment ? 

A. The feventh commandment requireth 
the prefervation of our own and our neigh- 
bor's chastity, in heart, speech & behaviour. 

Q. 72. What is forbidden in the feventh 
commandment ? 

A. The feventh commandment forbiddeth 
all unchafte thoughts, words and actions. 

Q. 73. Which is the eighth commandrnent ? 

A- The eighth commandment is, Thou 

(halt not fleal. 

Q. 74. What is required in the eighth 
commandment ? 

A. The eighth commandment requireth 
the lawful procuring & furthering the wealth 
and outward eftate of ourfelves and others. 

Q. 75. What is forbidden in the eighth 
commandment ? 

A. The eighth commandment forbiddeth 


whatfoever doth, or may unjuftly hinder our 
own or our neighbour's wealth or outward 

Q. 76. Which is the ninth commandment ? 

A. The ninth commandment is, Thoujlialt 
not bear false witnefs again ft thy neighbour. 

Q. 77. What is required in the ninth com- 
mandment ? 

A. The ninth commandment requireth the 
maintaining and promoting of truth between 
man & man, & of our own & our neighbor's 
good name, efpecially in witnefs bearing. 

Q. 78. What is forbidden in the ninth 
commandment ? 

A. The ninth commandment forbiddeth 
whatfoever is prejudicial to truth,or injurious 
to our own or our neighbor's good name. 

Q. 79. Which is the tenth commandment ? 

A. The tenth commandment is, Thou/halt 
not covet thy neighbour 1 s houfe, thou fhalt not 
covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manfer- 
vantj nor his maid- ferv ant, nor his ox, nor his 
■afs, nor any thing that is thy neighbour 1 s. 

Q. 80. What is required in the tenth com- 
mandment ? 

A. The tenth commandment require th 
full contentment with our own condition, 
with a right and charitable frame of fpirit 
towards our neighbour, and all that is his. 

Q. 81. What is forbidden in the tenth 
commandment ? 

A. The tenth commandment forbiddeth 
all discontentment with our own eftate, en- 
vying or grieving at the good of our neigh- 
bour, and all inordinate motions and affec- 
tions to any thing that is his. 

Q. 82. Is any man able 'perfectly to keep 
the commandments of God ? 

A. No mere man fmce the fall is able 
in this life perfectly to keep the command- 
ments of God, but daily doth break them in 
thought, word and deed. 

Q. 83. Are all tranfgrejfwns of the law 
equally heinous ? 

A. Some fins in themfelves, and by rea- 

fon of feveral aggravations, are more hein~ 
ous in the fight of God than others. 

Q. 84. What doth every Jin defer ve ? 

A. Every fin defer ves God's wrath & curfe 
both in this life, and that which is to come. 

Q. 85. What doth God require of ics that loe 
may cf cape his wrath and curfe due to us for fin? 

A. To efcape the wrath and curfe of God 
due to us for fin, God requireth of us faith in 
Jefus Chrifl,repentance unto life, with the di- 
ligent ufe of all outward means wherehy Chrift 
communicateth to us the benefits of redemp- 
tion. Q. 86. What is faith in Jefus Chrifl ? 

A. Faith in Jefus Chrift is a faving grace 
whereby we receive & reft upon him alone for 
falvation as he is offered to us in the gofpel. 

Q. 87. What is repentance unto Ufe ? 

A. Repentance unto life is a faving grace, 
whereby a finner out of the true fenfe of his 
fin and apprehenfion of the mercy of God in 
Chrifl, doth with grief and hatred of his fm 
turn from it unto God, with full purpofe of 
and endeavours after new obedience. 

Q. 88. What are the outward and ordi- 
nary means whereby Chrift communicateth to 
us the benefits of redemption^ 

A . The outward and ordinary means where- 

by Chriftcommimicateth to us the benefits of 
redemption, are his ordinances, efpecially the 
word, facraments and prayer ; all which, are 
made effectual to the elect for falvation. 

Q. 89. How is the ivord made effectual to 
falvation ? 

A. The fpirit of God maketh the reading, 
but efpecially the preaching of the word an 
effectual means of convincing and converting 
finners, and of building them up in holinefs 
and comfort, through faith unto falvation. 

Q. 90. How is the word to be read and 
heard that it may become effectual to falvation? 

A. That the word may become effectual 
to falvation, we must attend thereunto with 
diligence, preparation and prayer, receive it 
with faith and love, lay it up in our hearts, 
and practice it in our lives. 

Q. 91 How do the facraments become effec- 
tual ?nea?is of falvation ? 

A. The facraments become effectual means 
of falvation not from any virtue in them or 
in him that doth adminifter them, but only by 
the bleffing of Chriff, and the working of ths 
Spirit in them that by faith receive them. 

Q. 92. What is a facrameni ? 

A. A facrameni is an holy ordinance in- 

ftituted by C-hrift, wherein by fenfible fign& f 
Chrift& the benefits of the new covenant are 
reprefented fealed and applied to believers. 

Q. 93. What ewe the facrameuts of the 
New Tefiament ? 

A. The facraments of the New Tefta- 
inent are baptifm and the Lord ? s 1 upper. 

Q. 94. W/iat is baptism I 
A. Baptifm is a facranientwhereinthe wash- 
ing, of water in the name of the Father and 
of the Sonandof the-HolvGhoft^dothiignify 
and feal our ingrafting, into Chritl and par- 
taking of the benefits of the covenant of 
grace, & our engagements, to be the Lord's. 
Q. 95. To whom is baptism to be administered ? 
A. Baptifm is not to be adminiftered to any 
that aie out of the vifible church,, till they 
profefs their faith in Chrift, and obedience 
to him, but the infants* of fueh as are. mem- 
bers of the vifible church are U>be baptized. 

Q. 96. What is the Lord's /upper I 

A, The Lord's fupper is a facramemV 
wherein by giving and receiving bread and 
wine according to ChrilVs appointment,, his 
death is fhewed forth, and the worthy recei- 
vers are not after a corporal and carnal man- 
ner, but by faith made partakers of his body 

and blood, with all his benefits, to their fpi- 
ritual nourifhment and growth in grace. 

Q. 97. What is required in the worthy re- 
ceiving the Lord's /upper ? 

A. It is required of them that would wor- 
thily partake of the Lord's fupper, that they 
examine themfelves of their knowledge to 
difcern the Lord's body, of their faith to feed 
upon him, of their repentance, love and new 
obedience, left coming unworthily, they 
eat and drink judgment to themfelves. 

Q. 98. What is prayer ? 

A. Prayer is an offering up of our defires 
to God for things agreeable to his will, in the 
name of Chrid, with confellion of our fins, 
& thankful acknowledgment of his mercies. 

Q. 99. What rule hath God given for our 
direction in prayer ? 

A. The whole word of God is of ufe to di- 
rect us in prayer but thefpecial rule of direction 
is tha t form of prayer which Chrift taught his 
difciples commonly called , The Lord's Prayer. 

Q. 100. What doth the preface of the 
Lord's prayer teach us ? 

A. The preface of the Lord's prayer which 
is Our Father which art in heaven, teacheth us, 
to draw near to God with all holy reverence 

and confidence, as children to a father, able 
and ready to help us, and that we fhould 
pray with and for others. 
Q. 1 0 i . What do toe pray for in the first petition ? 

A. In the firft petition, which is, Hallowed 
be thy name, we pray that God would enable 
us and others to glorify him in all that where- 
by he makes himfelf known, and that he 
would difpofe all things to his own glory. 

Q. 102. What do ice pray for in the fe- 
cond petition ? 

A. In the fecond petition, which is, Thy 
kingdom come, we pray that fatan's kingdom 
may be deftroyed, the kingdom of grace 
may be advanced, ourfelves and others bro't 
into it, and kept in it, and that the kingdom 
of glory may be haRened. 

Q. 103. What do ice pray for in the third 
petition ? 

A. In the third petition, which is, Thy will 
be done on earth as it is in heaven, we pray 
that God by his grace would make us able 
and willing to know, obey and fubmit to his 
will in all things, as the angels do in heaven. 

Q. 104. What do ice pray for in tlic fourth 
petition ? 

A. In the fourth petition, which is, Give 

us this day our daily bread, we pray, that of 
God's free gift we may receive a competent 
portion of the good things of this life, and 
enjoy his blefting with them. 

Q. 105. What do we pray for in the fifth 
"petition 1 

A. In the fifth petition,which is, And for- 
give us our debts as toe forgive our debtors, we 
pray that God for ChrifVs fake, wouid free- 
ly pardon all our fins, which we are the rather 
encouraged to ailv, becaufe by his grace we 
are enabled from the heart to forgive others. 

Q. 106. What do ice pray for in the fixth 
petition ? 

A. In the fixth petition, which is, And 
lead us not into temptation, but deliver us 
from evil, we pray that God would either 
keep us from being tempted to fin, or fup- 
port and deliver us when we are tempted. 

107. What doth the conclufion of the 
Lord's prayer teach us ? 

A. The conclufion of the Lord's prayer, 
which is, For thine is the kingdom, and the 
power, and the glory, forever, Amen, teach- 
eth us, to take our encouragement in prayer 
from God only, and in our prayers to praife 
him, afcribing kingdom, power and glory 

to him, arid in teftimony of our defire and 
alTurance to be heard, we fay, Amen. 
Blcjfcd are they that do his commandments 
that they may have right to the tree of 
life, and may enter in through the gates 
into the city. Rev. xxii. 14. 



American BABES, 

Drawn out of the Breafts of both Teflaments, 
for their Souls Nourifhment. 


n T/K^iiLl T hath God done for you ? 
^' A. God hath made me, he keep- 

eth me, and he can fave me. 
Q. What is God ? 

A. God is a Spirit of himfelf & for himfelf. 
Q. How many Gods be there ? 
A. There is but one God in three Perfons, 
the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghoft. 
Q. How did God make you ? 
A. In my firfl parents holy and righteous. 

Q. Are you then born holy and righteous . 

A. No, my firft father finned and I in him, 

Q. Are you then born a finner ? 
A.I was conceived in fin, & born in iniquity. 

Q. What is your birth fin ? 

A. Adam's fin imputed to me, and a cor- 
rupt nature dwelling in me. 

Q. What is your corrupt nature 1 
A. My corrupt nature is empty of grace, bent 
unto fin, only unto fin, and that continually. 

Q. What is fin ? 

A. Sin is a tranfgreflion of the law. 

Q. How many commandments of the lam 
be there ? A. Ten. 

Q. What is the first commandment ? 
A. Thou fhalt have no other Gods before me. 
Q. What is themeaniug of this commandment? 

A. That we fhould worfliip the only true 
God, and no other befides him. 

Q. What is the fccond commandment ? 

A. Thou fhalt not make to thyfelf any 
graven image, &c. 

Q.What is the meaning of this commandment ? 

A. That we fhould worfhip the only true 
God, with true worfhip, fuch as he hath or- 
dained, not fuch as man hath invented. 

Q. What is the third commandment ? 

A. Thou fhalt not take the name of the 
Lord thy God in vain. 

Q. What is meant by the name of God ? 

A. God himfelf & the good things of God, 
whereby he is known as a man by his name, 
and his attributes, worfhip, word and works. 

Q. What is it not to take Ids name in vain ? 

A. To make ufe of God & the good things 
of God to his glory, and our own good, not 
vainly, not irreverently, not unprofitably. 

Q. Which is the fourth commandment? 

A. Remember that thou keep holy the 
fabbath day. 

Q. What is the meaning of this commandment ? 

A. That we fhould red from labor, and 
much more from play on the Lord's day, that 
we may draw nigh to God in holy duties. 

Q. What is the fifth commandment ? 

A. Honor thy father and thy mother, that 
thy days may be long in the land which the 
Lord thy God giveth thee. . 

Q. What are meant by father and mother 1 

A. All our fupcriors whether in family, 
fchool, church and common wealth. 

Q. What is the honor due unto them ? 

A. Reverence, obedience, and (when I 
am able) recompence. 

Q. What is the fixth commandment? 

A. Thou fhalt do no murder. 
Q. What is the meaning of this commandment? 

A. That we ihould not fhorten the life or 
health of ourfelves or others, but preferve both 

Q. What is the feventh commandment ? 

A. Thou [halt not commit adultery. 

Q. What is the fin here forbidden ? 

A. To defile ourfelves or others with un- 
clean lufts. 

Q. What is the duty here commanded ? 

A. Chaltity to pofl'efs our velieis in holi- 
nefs and honor. 

Q. What is the eighth commandment ? 

A. Thou fhalt not Ileal. 

Q. What is the ftealth here forbidden ? 

A. To take away another man's goods 
without his leave, or to fpend our own with- 
out benefit to ourfelves or others. 

Q. What is the duty here commanded ? 

A. To get our goods honeftly, to keep 
them fafely> and fpend them thriftily. 

Q. What is the ninth commandment ? 

A. Thou fhalt not bear falfe witnefs a- 
gainft thy neighbour. 

Q. What is the fin here forbidden ? 

A. To lie falfely, to think or fpeak untru- 
ly of ourfelves or others. 

Q. What is the duty here required ? 

A. Truth and faithfulnefs. 

Q. What is the tenth commandment ? 

A. Thou fhalt not covet, &c. 

Q. What is the coveting here forbidden ? 

A. Luft after the things of other men, 
and want of contentment with our own. 

Q. Whether have you kept all thcfe com- 
mandments ? 

A. No, I and all men are finners. 

Q. What are the wages of fin 1 

A. Death and damnation. 

Q. How then look you to he favcd? 

A. Only by Jefus Chrift. 

Q. Who is Jefus Chrift? 
AThe eternal Son of God, who for our fakes 
became man, that he might redeem & fave us. 

Q. How doth Chrift redeem and fave xis 1 

A. By his righieous life, and hitter death, 
and glorious relurrection to life ag?iin. 

Q. How do we come to have a part ^fellow- 
flip with Chrijl in his death 6c refurrcction? 

A. By the power of his word and fpirit, 
which brings us to him, and keeps us in him. 

Q. What is the word 1 

A. The holy fcriptures of the prophets 
and apoltles, the old and new teitament, the 
law and gofpel. 

Q. How doth the miniftry of the law bring 
you toward Chrift 1 

A. By bringing me to know my fin, and 
the wrath of God, againft me for it. 
Q. What are you hereby the nearer to Chrift ? 

A. So I come to feel my curfed eflate and 
need of a Saviour. 

Q» How doth the miniflry of the Gofpel 
kelp you in this curfed eflate ? 

A. By humbling me yet more, and then 
raifmg me out of this eflate. 

Q. How doth the miniflry of the Gofpel 
humble you yet more 1 

A. By revealing the grace of the Lord 
Jefus in dying to fave finners, and yet con- 
vincing me of my fin in not believing on 
him, and of my utter infufficiency to come 
to him, and fo I feel myfelf utterly loft. 

Q. How doth the miniflry of the gospel raife 
you up out of this loft eftate to come to Chrift? 

A. By teaching me the value and virtue of 
the death of Chrift,and the riches of his grace 
to loft finners by revealing the promife of 
grace to fuch, and by miniftring the Spirit of 

grace to apply Chrift, and his promife of 
grace unto myfelf, and to keep me in him. 
Q.How doth the Spirit of grace apply Chrift 8f 
his promife grace unto you and keep you in him? 

A. By begetting in me faith to receive him, 
prayer to call upon him, repentance to mourn 
after him, and new obedience to ferve him. 

Q. What is faith 1 

A. Faitli is the grace of the Spirit, where- 
by I deny myfelf, and believe on Chrift for 
righteoufnefs and falvation. 

Q. What is prayer ? 

A. It is calling upon God in the name of 
Chrift by the help of the Holy Ghoft, accor- 
ding to the will of God. 

Q. What is repentance ? 

A. Repentance is a grace of the Spirit, 
whereby I loath my fms, and myfelf for them 
and confefs them before the Lord, and mourn 
after Chrift for the pardon of them, and for 
grace to ferve him in newnefs of life. 
Q. What is the newnefs of life, or new obedience ? 

A. Newnefs of life is a grace of the Spirit, 
whereby I forfake my former luft&vain com- 
pany, and walk before the Lord in the light 
of his word, and in the communion of faints. 

Q. What is the communion of faints 1 

A. It is the fellowfliip of the church in the 
bleflings of the covenant of grace, and the 
feals thereof. Q. What is the church ? 

A. It is a congregation of faints joined 
together in the bond of the covenant, to vvor- 
fhip the Lord, and to edify one another in all 
his holy ordinances. 

Q, What is the bond of the covenant by 
which the church is joined together ? 

A. It is the profcffion of that covenant 
which God has made withhis faithful people, 
to be a God unto them, and to their feed. 

Q. What doth the Lord bind his people to 
in this covenant ? 

A. To give up themfelves & their feed firft 
to the Lord to be his people, &then to the el- 
ders & brethren of the church to fet forward 
the worfhipof God & their mutual edification. 

Q. How do they give up themfelves and their 
feed to the Lord ? 

A. By receiving thro' faith the Lord & his 
covenant to themfelves, &to their feed & ac- 
cordingly walking themfelves & training up 
their children in the ways of the covenant. 
Q.How do they give up themfelves and their 
feed to the elders and brethren of the church 1 

A. By confefling of their fins, and profef- 

lion of their faith, and of their fubjection to 
the gofpel of Chrift ; and fo they and their 
feed are received into the fellowfhip of the 
church and the feals thereof. 

Q. What are the feals of the covenant now 
in the days of the gofpel ? 

A. Baptifm and the Lord's Supper. 

Q. What is done for you in baptifm ? 

A. In baptifm the wafhing with water is 
a fign and feal of my wafhing in the blood 
and fpirit of Chrifl, and thereby of my in- 
grafting into Chrift, of the pardon and clean- 
ling of my fins, of my raifing up out of afflic- 
tions, and alfo of my refurrection from the 
dead at the lafi day. 
Q. What is done for you in the Lord's f upper? 
A. In the Lord's fupper,the receiving of the 
bread broken and the wine poured out is a fign 
and feal of my receiving the communion of 
the body of Chrift broken for me, and of his 
blood fhed for me, and thereby of my growth 
in Chrift, and the pardon and healing of my 
fins, of the fellowfhip of the Spirit, of my 
ftrengthening and quickening in grace, and 
of my fitting together with Chrifl on his 
throne of glory at ihe laft judgment. 

Q. What was the refurrection from the 

dead, which was fealed up to you in baptism ? 

A. When Chrift (hall come in his laft 
judgment, all that are in their graves fhall 
rife again, both the juft and unjuft. 

Q. What is the judgment, which is fealed 
up to you in the Lord's supper 1 

A. At the laft day we ihall all appear be- 
fore the judgment feat of Chrift, to give an 
account of our works, and receive our re- 
ward according to them. 
Q. What is the reward that fhall then be given? 

A. The righteous fhall go into life eter- 
nal, and the wicked fhall be caft into ever- 
lafting fire with the Devil and his angels. 

A Dialogue between CHRIST, Youth , 
and the Devil. Youth. 

THofe days which God to me doth fend, 
In pleafure I'm refolv'd to fpend ; 
Like as the birds in th' lovely spring, 
Sit chirping on the bough, and ling ; 
Who ftraining forth thofe warbling notes, 
Do make fweet mufic in their throats, 
So I refolve in this my prime, 
In fports and plays to fpend my time. 
Sorrow and grief I'll put away, 
Such things agree not with mv day : 

From clouds my morning fhall be free ; 
And nought on earth fhall trouble me. 
I will embrace each fweet delight, 
This earth affords me day and night : 
Though parents grieve and me correct. 
Yet I their counsel will reject. 


The refolution which you take, 
Sweet youth it doth me merry make. 
If thou my counsel wilt embrace, 
And fhun the ways of truth and grace, 
And learn to lie, and curfe and swear, 
And be as proud as any are ; 
And with thy brothers wilt fall out, 
And fifters with vile language flout : 
Yea, fight and fcratch, and alfo bite, 
Then in thee I will take delight. 
If thou wilt but be rul'd by me, 
An artift thou fhalt quickly be, 
In all my ways which lovely are, 
Ther'e few with thee who lhall compare. 
Thy parents always diibbey ; 
Don't mind at all what they do fay : 
And alfo pout and fullen be, 
And thou (halt be a child for me. 
When others read, be thou at play, 
Think not on God, don't sigh nor pray 

Nor be thou fuch a filly fool, 
To mind thy book or go to fehool ; 
But play the truant ; fear not I 
Will ftraitway help you to a lie, 
W T hich will excufe thee from the fame. 
From being whipp'd and from all blam * ; 
Come bow to me, uphold my crown, 
And I'll thee raife to high renown. 

Thefe motions I will cleave unto, 
And let all other counsels go ; 
My heart againft my parents now, 
Shall harden'd be, and will not bow : 
I won't fubmit at all to them, 
But all good counsels will condemn, 
And what I lift that do will I, 
And ftubborn be continually. 

Wilt thou, O youth make fuch a choice, 
And thus obey the devil's voice ! 
Curfl finful ways wilt thou embrace, 
And hate the ways of truth and grace ? 
Wilt thou to me a rebel prove ? 
And from thy parents quite remove 
Thy heart alfo T Then fhalt thou fee, 
What will e'er long become of thee. 
Come, think on God, who did thee make, 

And at his prefence dread and quake, 

Remember him now in thy youth, 

And let thy foul take hold of truth : 

The Devil and his ways defy, 

Believe him not, he doth but lie : 

His ways feem fvveet, but youth beware, 

He for thy foul hath laid a fnare. 

His fweet will into bitter turn, 

If in thofe ways thou ftill wilt run, 

He will thee into pieces tear, 

Like lions which moft hungry are. 

Grant me thy heart, thy folly leave, 

And from this lion I'll thee fave ; 

And thou (halt have fvveet joy from me, 

Which fhall laft to eternity. 

My heart fhall chear me in my youth, 
I'll have my frolicks in good truth, 
What e'er feems lovely in mine eye, 
Myfelf I cannot it deny. 
In my own ways I ftill will walk, 
And take delight among young folk, 
Who fpcnd their days in joy and mirth, 
Nothing like that I'm jure on earth : 
Thy ways, O Chrift ! are not for me, 
They with my a^e do not n^rco. 
If I unto thy laws fhould cleave, 

No more good davs then fhould I have. 
Woul'ft thou live long and good days fee 

Refrain from all iniquity : 

True good alone doth from me flow, 

It can't be had in things below. 

Are not my ways, O youth ! for thee, 

Then thou fhalt never happy be ; 

Nor ever fhall thy fonl obtain, 

True good, whilll thou doft here remain. 

To thee, O Chrift, I'll not adhere, 
What thou fpeak'st of does not appear 
Lovely to me I cannot find, 
? Tis good to let or place my mind 
On ways whence many forrows fpring, 
And to the fiefh fuch crofies bring, 
Don't trouble me, I mult fulfil, 
Mv fie flil v mind, and have my will. 

Unto thyfelf then I'll thee leave, 
That Satan may thee wholly have : 
Thy heart in fin fhail harden'd be, 
And blinded in iniquity. 
And then in wrath I'll cut thee down, 
Like af the grafs and flowers mown ; 
And to thy woe thou fhelt efpy, 

Childhood and youth are vanity \ 
For all fuch things I'll make thee know 
To judgment thou (hall come alfo. 
In hell atlaft thy foul fhall burn, 
When thou thy hnful race haft run. 
Confider this, think on thy end 
Left God do thee in pieces rend. 

Amazed, Lord ! I now begin, 

0 help me and I'll leave my fin : 

1 tremble, and do greatly fear, 
To think upon what I do hear. 
Lord ! I religious now will be, 
And I'll from Satan turn to thee. 


Nay, foolifh youth, don't change thy mind, 
Unto fuch thoughts be not inclined. 
Come, cheer up thy heart, roufe up, be glad: 
There is no hell ; why art thou fad ? 
Eat, drmk, be merry with thy friend, 
For when thou dieft, that's thy laft end. 
Such thoughts as thefe I can't receive, 
Becaufe God's word I do believe ; 
None fhall in tkis deftroy my faith, 
Nor do I mind what Satan faith. 


Although to thee herein I yield, 
Yet e'er long I fhall win the field. 
That there's a heaven I can't deny, 
Yea, and a hell of mifery : 
That heaven is a lovely place 
I can't deny ; 'tis a clear cafe ; 
And eafy 'tis for to come there, 
Therefore take thou no further care, 
All human laws do thou obferve, 
And from old cufloms never fwerve ; 
Do not oppofe what great men fay, 
And thou ihalt never go aftray. 
Thou may'ft be drunk, and fwear and curfe, 
And finners like thee ne'er the worfe ; 
At any time thou may'fl repent ; 
'Twill ferve when all thy days are fpent. 
Take heed or elfe thou art undone ; 
Thefe thoughts are from the wicked One, 
Narrow's the way that leads to life, 
Who walk therein do meet with ftrife. 
Few fhall be faved, young man know, 
Moft do unto deflruction go. 
If righteous ones fcarce faved be, 
What will at laft become of thee ! 
Oh ' don't reject my precious call, 
Left suddenly in hell thou fall;/ 

Unlefs you foon converted be, 
God's kingdom thou (halt never fee. 

Lord, I am now at a great (land : 
If I fhould yield to thy command, 
My comrades will me much deride, 
And never more will me abide. 
Moreover, this I alfo know, 
Thou can'ft at laft great mercy ihovv. 
When I am old, and pleafure gone, 
Then what thou fay 'ft I'll think upon. 

Nay, hold vain youth, thy time is fhort, 
I have thy breath, I'll end thy fport; 
Thou fhalt not live till thou art old, 
Since thou in fin art grown fo bold. 
I in thy -youth grim death will fend, 
And all thy fports (hall have an end. 

I am too young, alas to die, 
Let death fome old grey head efpy. 
O fpare me, and I will amend, 
And with thy grace my foul befriend, 
Or elfe I am undone alas, 
For I am in a woful cafe. 

CHRIST. '^k 
► ty.hen T dki call, y^u would not hear, 

But didft to me turn a deaf ear ; 
And now in thy calamity, 
I will not mind nor hear thy cry ; 
Thy day is paft, begone from me, 
Thou who didft love iniquity, 
Above thy foul and Saviour dear ; 
Who on the crofs great pains did bear, 
My mercy thou didft much abufe, 
And all good counfel didft refufe, 
Juftice will therefore vengeance take, 
And thee a fad example make. 


O fpare me, Lord, forbear thy hand, 
Don't cut me off who trembling ftand, 
Begging for mercy at thy door, 
O let me have but one year more. 


If thou fome longer time fhould have, 
Thou wouldft again to folly cleave : 
Therefore to thee I will not give, 
One day on earth longer to live. 


Youth, I am come to fetch thy breath, 
And carry thee to th' fhades of death, 
No pity on thee can I fliow, 
Thou haft thy God offended fo. 
Thy foul and body I'll divide, 

Thy body in the grave I'll hide, 
And thy dear foul in hell muft lie, 
With Devils to eternity. 

The conclujion. 
Thus end the days of woful youth, 
Who won't obey nor mind the truth ; 
Nor hearken to what preachers fay, 
But do their parents difobey. 
They in their youth go down to hell, 
Under eternal wrath to dwell. 
Many don't live out half their days, 
For cleaving unto iinful ways. 

The late Reverend and Venerable Mr. N a - 
thantelClap, of Newport on Rhode 
Ifland ; his Advice to children. 

/^H)OD children fhould remember daily, 
God their Creator, Redeemer, and 

Sanctifier ; to believe in, love and ferve him ; 

their parents to obey them in the Lord; 

their bible and catechifm ; their baptifm ; 

the Lord's day; the Lord's death and re- 

furvection ; their own death and refurrecti- 

on ; and the day of judgment, when all that 

are not fit for heaven mufl be fent to hell. 

And they fhould pray to Go Din the name 

of C H r i s t j for faving grace.*